The key to success and obtaining a high-quality, plentiful crop to a large extent is what seeds were used for sowing. And here there are several unobvious nuances on which this success depends.
Firstly, it is a variety of seeds. Now there are many varieties of each type of crop, adapted to the climatic conditions of various zones. Therefore, the first step is to find out which crops (or hybrids) are suitable for your area. Many agricultural technicians advise using precisely hybrids – plants whose yield and resistance to various diseases are significantly higher than that of “parent” crops.
Secondly, you need to be very careful about who you buy seeds from. Their quality is often directly proportional to how long the manufacturing company has been on the agricultural market and how well it has managed to establish itself. The better reputation such a company has, the less likely it is that you will come across poor-quality, or even spoiled, seeds.
Thirdly, it is the preparation of selected seeds for sowing. Not everyone knows that ready-made seeds of even the highest quality must be plucked before sowing, for example, with a disinfecting treatment – this avoids many problems in the future when the plants already begin to germinate and bloom.
Large, full-bodied seeds have the highest germination ability, but often both “medium” and small fractions of seeds are used. Fractions are the division of seeds by size and weight by “sowing” through a special sieve, or, if the seeds are sifted poorly, using a solution of ordinary table salt. Heavy seeds settle to the bottom, light seeds float. When buying ready-made seeds, as a rule, you get seeds of one “fraction” – that is, approximately equal in weight and size, which ensures uniform, good seedlings.
Another nuance – on hybrid varieties of the “first generation” is marked F-1. These seeds, as mentioned above, have greater germination, early maturity, and productivity. But hybrids in the second generation of such “bonuses may not be (as, for example, in the well-known case of Dutch potatoes). They are labeled F-2.
The maximum amount of information, as a rule, is indicated directly on the package: this is the variety and indication of seed hybridity, lot number, germination rate (sowing and variety qualities), name of the manufacturer (and, importantly, its contact details), and finally, the period of sale of seeds. In principle, all this information is enough to choose the right one for you – and enjoy the result.