Before growing eggplant seedlings from seeds, the seed must undergo appropriate training.
Only in this case, you can count on a plentiful crop of high quality.
Get ready for the fact that the cultivation and care of eggplant seedlings will require some effort from you because these plants are very sensitive to external conditions.
Preparing Eggplant Seeds for Planting
To prepare eggplant seeds for sowing, it is necessary to treat the planting material with a remedy for viral, fungal and bacterial diseases, for example, a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
If this is not done, seedlings will survive significantly less. Exposure is 15 minutes, after which they are washed with water.
Before preparing eggplant seeds for sowing, they are soaked for 12-24 hours at a temperature of 20-25 ° C in a solution of stimulants. When sowing seeds in pots, it is better to soak them before nibbling and to plant already awakened seeds, which makes it possible to obtain 100% full pots.
Usually, seeds are massively pecked for 8-10 days. Before sowing eggplant seeds for seedlings, the soaking and nibbling of seeds is carried out by wrapping the planting material in wet gauze, with the obligatory access of air and avoiding their drying out.
Seeds may not sprout if:
- too high air temperature (sowing boxes are next to a hot battery or stove),
- if the seeds are not deeply planted and the watering is insufficient, the seeds do not germinate because they lie dry in the ground,
- indoor air temperature below 20 ° C. This is aggravated by watering, which further reduces the temperature during evaporation of water,
- poor-quality soil, poor composition (quickly cakes). With heavy watering, it becomes even more compact, and due to low aeration, the seeds cannot germinate.
How to Plant Eggplant Seeds for Seedlings
Eggplant is a partially self-pollinated crop. To obtain seeds using the seedling culture method. Planting eggplant seeds for seedlings is carried out in late February – early March.
Before properly planting eggplant seeds for seedlings, you need to prepare a soil mixture consisting of 2 parts of humus, 2 parts of garden soil, 1 part of sand.
Such an option is also possible: 1 part of EM compost, 2 parts of garden soil, 1 part of peat, 1 part of sand. Eggplant seedlings do not tolerate transplanting, so it is recommended to immediately grow eggplant seeds in separate pots, preferably peat (recommended diameter is 8-10 cm).
To grow eggplant seedlings from seeds as strong as possible, three seeds are planted in one pot at once to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. After germination, only the strongest plant is left, the rest are plucked.
Additional illumination is recommended, especially in the first month, otherwise, eggplant seedlings grow poorly and flower buds are laid late in her. The optimum germination temperature is 20–25 ° С, at which eggplant seeds germinate for 8–10 days (minimum 13 ° С).
After emergence within 3-5 days, it is recommended to lower the temperature to 17-20 ° C during the day and 10-12 ° C at night, which will contribute to better growth of roots in eggplant seedlings, especially in the first month, otherwise eggplant seedlings grow poorly and it late flower buds are laid.
The first watering is carried out only after 2-3 days, and then regularly (every 5 days) to prevent drying of the soil. The timing of planting eggplant seedlings in the ground: the end of May – the first decade of June, when the threat of spring frost passes.
The scheme of planting eggplant seeds for seedlings: 60-65 cm between rows and 30-35 cm in a row between plants. On 1 m2, as a rule, no more than 4-6 plants are planted, since thickened plantings lead to a decrease in yield.
How to Properly Grow Eggplant from Seeds After Planting
The quality of seeds, especially their germination, primarily depends on the conditions for growing testes. Eggplant seeds should be grown in areas with well-heated loose soil with a high content of readily available nutrients. In order for the seed fruits to ripen amicably, give more full-weight seeds, in the feeding, reduce the dose of nitrogen and increase the amount of phosphorus and potassium. When caring for eggplant seedlings, regularly loosen the soil, water and protect plants from pests and diseases. Quality seeds ripen only in the first fruits, the rest of the fruits will go to the table.
Only the first two or three fruits are left on the seed plants – some of the first very best. Sick plants and fruits, as well as late-set fruits, are cut off.
Eggplant loves heat very much, therefore the best temperature for its growth and development is 20-30 ° С. At a temperature of 15 ° C, the growth of an eggplant plant stops, and when it drops to 13 ° C, it begins to turn yellow and dies. Eggplant does not tolerate frost. When ripe, the fruit acquires first a brown color, then in some varieties, it is yellowish-gray, in others it is brownish-yellow or brown. By this time, the seeds in the fruits become hard.
Seed fruits are removed when they reach full biological ripeness (depending on the variety 110–170 days after germination, technical maturity sets in, another 15–30 days – biological maturity).
The collected fruits are ripened so that they are sown, for 15-30 days in a cool, ventilated place.
To get the eggplant seeds, you need to cut the eggplant lengthwise into 2 or 4 parts and carefully separate the meaty part along with the seeds. Carefully separate the seeds – it is better to do this in a bowl of water – in this case, empty seeds float up, and good ones remain at the bottom. Rinse seeds without fermentation. Drain the water, put the seeds on paper or cloth and dry. About 10 g of seeds are obtained from 10 kg of seed fruits.