When choosing decorative tree species, one must take into account their appearance and plant one at a distance from one another so that the crowns do not intertwine and extend beyond the boundaries of the site (from the neighbors). On a small site, trees with a pyramidal crown (spruce, cypress) are preferred, on large ones, they are spreading (maple, linden).
Coniferous trees and shrubs – thuja, spruce, pine, cypress, juniper are decorative at any time of the year, but especially in winter. We underestimate conifers, and they are very decorative. Coniferous trees or shrubs give the site a special nobility, decorators must include them in the most sophisticated compositions. We must not forget that phytoncides, released by needles, disinfect and purify the air.
Decorative wood species should be planted strictly according to plan, taking into account their size in adulthood. A lilac bush, for example, will be good in a quiet corner, and by the terrace or porch, and by a garden gate, and it is better to place blue spruce or birch in a recreation area.
Following the trees, shrubs are planted in accordance with the developed plan. Among their enormous diversity, evergreens — conifers, hollow mahonia, laurel, boxwood — are more valuable. It is better not to collect them in one place, but to disperse them throughout the site. This arrangement of shrubs will give the garden certain completeness and preserve its harmony. When choosing decorative shrubs for mixed groups, designate each plant with numbers from 1 to 12, respectively, months, when they look most attractive. This will help to quickly group this or that group according to the flowering time.
Planting perennial herbaceous plants is planned in the same way as shrubs. Complement the composition of the pilots. It is very important to choose the right plants that bloom at the same time. In small areas, preference is given to plants with a long flowering period.
Hedges. Which gardeners had no difficulty in acquiring building materials? The picket is now also in short supply. An alternative to a wooden or metal mesh fence is a hedge of shrubs. In terms of reliability, it is not inferior to traditional materials and looks very beautiful. The green wall will reliably protect the site not only from prying eyes but also from street noise, dust, wind. It can be made of any height and density.
The only drawback of the hedge is that it needs to be constantly trimmed, although free thickets of some dense shrub are quite acceptable, which, by the way, are a great place for nesting useful birds. Some care is also required for plants – top dressing, cultivation, weeding, trimming, but after all, the picket also needs to be repaired and painted from time to time. Hedges with regular care is very durable, especially if they are from conifers.
If you use shrubs with edible fruits for planting – wild rose, barberry, hazel, hawthorn, then with this “fence” you can also make blanks for the winter. Beautifully flowering species – roses, forsythia, honeysuckle, oleander (in the south), viburnum – will create an additional decorative effect.
Coniferous trees – thuja, juniper, spruce, yew, cypress – are suitable for creating impenetrable green walls. They can be given the desired shape with a haircut or left in a natural state. Of the deciduous species for low and medium hedge heights (from 40 to 200 cm) barberry, gooseberry, boxwood, spindle tree, spirea, honeysuckle, hollow magnolia, laurel cherry, cotoneaster, dog rose are suitable; for tall (over 200 cm) – privet, lilac, decorative apple tree, hawthorn, willow, viburnum, pork.
The main problem is planting material. If it is not possible to buy seedlings in the nursery, then the right amount of them can be grown by yourself from cuttings or seeds. Rosehip, hawthorn, apple tree can be grown from seeds, and lignified cuttings (they are cut in early spring and planted in greenhouses) propagate poplar, willow, currant, meadowsweet, Derain, honeysuckle. Root shoots quickly propagate lilac, dogrose, apple tree, chokeberry.
A hedge is usually planted in two rows in a checkerboard pattern. They dig a trench 60-90 cm wide, from 1 to 4 plants are placed on its 1 m long section, depending on their size in the adult state. The first time the bush is sheared in the second year after planting, and then – annually 2-3 times per season, usually in spring and autumn.